Chhath puja also known as Chhath Parva is an auspicious festival dedicated to the God of Sun (Surya Bhagavan). This festival is a prayer to God who sustains life on earth for a longer, healthier and more prosperous life.
Sun is believed to be the source of energy and basis of all lives and creatures on the earth, thus, this festival is a gratitude towards Surya Bhagavan for bestowing a bountiful number of sources on the earth. This festival is celebrated in northern regions of India like Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and in the Madhesh region of Nepal.
Chhath means six in Hindi and thus the festival is observed on the sixth day of Kartika month. It is also known as Surya Shashti; a start is given when women bath and fast for 36 hours while praying to Sun God.
The sun is offered “Arghya” on the first and second day in the evening and morning following. Holy bathing in the river, strict fasting and offering prasad (prayer offerings) are few rituals observed on this festival.
Environmentalists have also claimed that Chhath is one the most eco-friendly religious festivals of India. It should be also celebrated to spread the message of “nature conservation and importance of nature”.