What is Charaka Samhita?

by Ananya Gupta February 21, 2022

What is Charaka Samhita?

The Charaka Samhita is a Sanskrit text on Ayurveda . Along with the Sushruta Samhita, it is one of the two foundational texts of this field that have survived from ancient India. It is one of the three works that constitute the Brhat Trayi.
This ancient text on treatment of diseases is said to be written by the medical practitioner of the conventional treatment, Charaka .

In Sanskrit, charak is a term for a wanderer, sannyasi (ascetic), and sometimes used in the context of the ancient tradition of wandering physicians who brought their medical expertise and magico-religious rites from village to village.

The text has eight sthāna (books), totalling 120 chapters. These eight books are-
📖Sutra Sthana (General principles)

📖Nidana Sthana (Pathology)

📖Vimana Sthana (Specific determination)

📖Śarira Sthana (Anatomy)

📖Indriya Sthana (Sensory organ based prognosis)

📖Cikitsa Sthana (Therapeutics)

📖Kalpa Sthana (Pharmaceutics and toxicology)

📖Siddhi Sthana (Success in treatment)

Ananya Gupta
Ananya Gupta

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